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  Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Heaviness)  
 
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Signs, symptoms and indicators | Conditions that suggest it | Recommendations

 

This subgroup of PMS is characterized by weight gain (greater than three pounds), abdominal bloating and discomfort, breast congestion and mastalgia, and the occasional swelling of the face, hands and ankles. These symptoms are due to an increased extracellular fluid volume which is in turn due to an excess of aldosterone which causes increased fluid retention. Aldosterone excess during the luteal phase of PMS-H patients may arise due to any of the following factors:

  • Stress - aldosterone is secreted by the adrenal cortex under the control of ACTH, which is secreted by the pituitary in response to stress, high serotonin levels and angiotensin II
  • Estrogen Excess - estrogen increases hepatic excretion and production of angiotensinogen, the precursor to angiotensin II
  • Dopamine Deficiency - a relative dopamine deficiency has been demonstrated in PMS-H patients. Dopamine suppresses aldosterone formation in the adrenal glands and, in the kidneys, is naturetic and diuretic.

 

 
 

Signs, symptoms & indicators of Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Heaviness):
 
 
Symptoms - Reproductive - Female Cycle  Premenstrual/premenstrual bloating/ weight gain or premenstrual abdominal bloating
  Breast soreness during cycle

Counter-indicators:
  No premenstrual bloating/weight gain
 
 

Conditions that suggest Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Heaviness):
 
 
Metabolic  Edema (Water Retention)

Symptoms - Reproductive - Female Cycle

Counter-indicators:
  Being/being post menopausal

Uro-Genital

Counter-indicators:
  Postmenopausal Status / Issues
 
 

Recommendations for Premenstrual Syndrome PMS H (Heaviness):
 
 
Botanical  Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Mineral

  Magnesium
 A deficiency in magnesium causes hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex, elevated aldosterone levels, and increased extracellular fluid volume. Aldosterone increases the urinary excretion of magnesium; hence, a positive feedback mechanism results, which is aggravated since there is no renal mechanism for conserving magnesium.

In laboratory animals, a pyridoxine deficiency at the renal level decreases the kidneys’ ability to secrete sodium. In addition, since pyridoxine requires magnesium for phosphorylation to its active form, a magnesium deficiency can lead to decreased B6 activity. Increased insulin secretion, in response to sugar consumption, results in sodium retention that is independent of aldosterone.

  Salt Intake Reduction
 Reducing salt intake can help in cases of PMS-H.
 
 


KEY
Weak or unproven link
Strong or generally accepted link
Strongly counter-indicative
Likely to help