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  Pulmonary Embolism  
 
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Signs, symptoms and indicators | Contributing risk factors

 

Pulmonary embolism, a severe and life-threatening condition, is caused when the pulmonary artery is blocked by foreign matter such as a blood clot (thrombus), fat, air or tumor tissue. Although there are common symptoms, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism may be similar to those of a heart attack or a lung disorder such as pneumonia. A doctor must be seen immediately. Common symptoms include sudden chest pain, excessive perspiring, shock, cyanosis (bluish skin color), anxiety and loss of consciousness. Conditions that may contribute to pulmonary embolism include extended bed rest, surgery, cancer, paralysis and aging.

Pulmonary embolism is difficult to diagnose. Non-invasive tests cannot be used in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. The physician must often eliminate the possibility of other lung diseases before determining that the condition is pulmonary embolism. A test called V/Q scan - a nuclear ventilation-perfusion study of the lungs - may be used, as well as a pulmonary angiography. New diagnostic methods are under investigation.

The immediate treatment for pulmonary embolism is anticoagulant therapy to dissolve the clot and return blood flow. Oxygen and sedatives may also be used to make the patient comfortable. Surgery to remove the embolism may also be performed.
 

 
 

Signs, symptoms & indicators of Pulmonary Embolism:
 
 
Symptoms - Metabolic  Having a slight/having a moderate/having a high fever

Symptoms - Respiratory

  Chest pain when breathing
  Sudden shortness of breath
 The most important symptom of pulmonary embolism is breathlessness, which often occurs suddenly and for which there is no other explanation.

  Recent/chronic productive cough
 Cough that begins suddenly, sometimes mixed with blood-streaked sputum, is a frequently-seen symptom of pulmonary embolism.
 
 

Risk factors for Pulmonary Embolism:
 
 
Circulation  Anemia, Hemolytic
 Sickle cell disease increases the risk of pulmonary embolism.

Organ Health

  COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

Risks

  Increased Risk of Coronary Disease / Heart Attack

Uro-Genital

  Consequences of Vasectomy
 
 


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