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Salt in small amounts is necessary for health but too much can be harmful, particularly for those who already have high blood pressure.
A person's total daily salt intake should be under 2,400mg (slightly more than 1 tsp). Increasing potassium consumption has a beneficial effect of reducing health consequences in those who are salt sensitive. Potassium typically is higher in fruits (especially bananas) and vegetables than other foods.
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Constipation: Difficult, incomplete, or infrequent evacuation of dry, hardened feces from the bowels.
Edema: Abnormal accumulation of fluids within tissues resulting in swelling.
Electrolyte: An element or compound that, when melted or dissolved in water or other solvent, breaks up into ions and is able to carry an electric current.
Gram: (gm): A metric unit of weight, there being approximately 28 grams in one ounce.
Milligram: (mg): 1/1,000 of a gram by weight.
Potassium: A mineral that serves as an electrolyte and is involved in the balance of fluid within the body. Our bodies contain more than twice as much potassium as sodium (typically 9oz versus 4oz). About 98% of total body potassium is inside our cells. Potassium is the principal cation (positive ion) of the fluid within cells and is important in controlling the activity of the heart, muscles, nervous system and just about every cell in the body. Potassium regulates the water balance and acid-base balance in the blood and tissues. Evidence is showing that potassium is also involved in bone calcification. Potassium is a cofactor in many reactions, especially those involving energy production and muscle building.
Sodium: An essential mineral that our bodies regulate and conserve. Excess sodium retention increases the fluid volume (edema) and low sodium leads to less fluid and relative dehydration. The adult body averages a total content of over 100 grams of sodium, of which a surprising one-third is in bone. A small amount of sodium does get into cell interiors, but this represents only about ten percent of the body content. The remaining 57 percent or so of the body sodium content is in the fluid immediately surrounding the cells, where it is the major cation (positive ion). The role of sodium in the extracellular fluid is maintaining osmotic equilibrium (the proper difference in ions dissolved in the fluids inside and outside the cell) and extracellular fluid volume. Sodium is also involved in nerve impulse transmission, muscle tone and nutrient transport. All of these functions are interrelated with potassium.
Teaspoon: (tsp) Equivalent to 5cc (5ml).