A low-purine diet is often prescribed for individuals with gout and Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (a rare genetic disorder that occurs in about 1 out of every 100,000 people). Purines are compounds mainly found in animal protein and are metabolized to uric acid in the body. An effective diet is important to avoid or reduce complications and lessen the need for drug treatment.
The following foods have very high purine levels, and should be avoided completely:
- Bouillon, Brains, Broth
- Dried legumes
- Goose, Gravy
- Heart, Herring
- Mackerel, Meat extracts, Mincemeat, Mussels
- Sardines, Scallops, Shrimp, Sweetbreads
- Yeast (baker’s and brewer’s), Yeast extracts (e.g., Marmite, Vegemite)
These foods have high purine levels:
- Fish (including shellfish)
- Meat (except those with very high purine content, noted above, or those with moderately high purine levels, noted below)
These foods have moderately high purine levels:
- Legumes, Lentils
- Peas (dried)
- Soy, Spinach
- Wheat germ and bran, Whole grain breads
Low Purine Foods:
- Butter, Breads and cereals (low-fiber, white flour, or refined grain types)
- Cheese (all kinds), Cocoa, Corn, Cornbread
- Fruit juices, Fruits
- Ice cream
- Noodles, Nuts
- Refined wheat flour
- Tapioca, Tea
- Vegetables (except those noted above)
- Vegetable soups without meat extract or broth
- White rice
Low Purine Diet can help with the following
A low-purine diet is commonly used to treat gout. Some people need to follow the diet more closely than others to prevent symptoms.
A disease characterized by an increased blood uric acid level and sudden onset of episodes of acute arthritis.
Compounds composed of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen present in the body and in foods that form complex combinations of amino acids. Protein is essential for life and is used for growth and repair. Foods that supply the body with protein include animal products, grains, legumes, and vegetables. Proteins from animal sources contain the essential amino acids. Proteins are changed to amino acids in the body.
A single-cell organism that may cause infection in the mouth, vagina, gastrointestinal tract, and any or all bodily parts. Common yeast infections include candidiasis and thrush.